Paris T., Singh A., Hossain M.
In Physiology of stress tolerance in rice: Proceedings of the International Conference on Stress Physiology of Rice held in Lucknow, India on 28 February – 5 March 1995. Edited by Singh, V.P. et. al. 1996.
Socio-economic studies were conducted in Chandpur and Mungispur villages of eastern Uttar Pradesh, interfaced with the biophysical characterization of selected rainfed environments. This paper examines the labor contributions by gender differentiation and social and economic groups and the problems of women farmers in agricultural productions in different lowland rice ecosystems. The paper provides suggestions which can improve crop and animal productivity as well as improve the welfare of the entire family, particularly the females and children. The study revealed that sexual division of labor is related to the social position of the household and access to non-farm income. The crop-production, livestock raising and non-farm activities are interrelated. The farmers can bear more risks in rice cultivation if they have access to income from on-farm sources and would be receptive to input-intensive technologies.